The media are at their watchdog best when they go beyond routine reporting to bring to light underhand dealings and clandestine schemes calculated to benefit the plotters to the disadvantage of the great majority. This happens only when the media turn to the genre of journalism known as investigative reporting. Despite its crucial role in the democratisation of a nation and as a valuable tool for public policy reform, our country still lacks an entrenched culture of hard-nosed, muckraking journalism. Therefore, it is important that anyone venturing into this kind of reporting understands its distinguishing characteristics as well as its potential consequences for the subject of investigation, public policy makers, society as a whole, and the reporter and his or her organisation.